Analytical Newsletter (Entekhab.ir):
A significant increase in the price of legumes in the past four years has caused the supply of this food to many Iranian households.
According to the report, according to the law quoted law, although cereal imports have flourished in a single year, the uptrend has not stopped rising. Many believe that a significant increase in the price of red meat has led to a significant increase in demand for its replacement commodity, and the price of this product is also rising.
The average price of one kilogram of beans in July was 111% higher than last July. Some legume items have experienced even more than 150 percent increase in price.
Qasim Ali Hassani, chairman of the Food and Veterinary Organization’s Food and Drug Administration, says that grain legumes are currently importing from Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, China and Canada, and some countries are exporting red beans to Iran. .
While the beans in 2009 were in the range of 1500 to 2500 tomans, this year’s distance has reached 5900 to 11 thousand tomans. This means that the cheapest bean brand in 2009, namely 1500 tomans, was in July this year, the price of this commodity has reached 5900 tomans, and the most expensive bean brand in 2009 was red beans in the price of 2500 tomans per kilo, but In July of this year, the price of beans, the most expensive beans, has reached 11 thousand tomans.
A significant increase in the price of legumes, which is a source of food replacing meat for protein, has left the household table of this foodstuff also deprived. One of the most important reasons for multiplying the price of legumes over the past four years is the severe drought and lower crop yields. The Central Bank’s statistical surveys show that beans are one of the items that grew more than 50 percent this year than last year.
In response to the question of whether there is a shortage of legumes in the country that prices are rising and out of the ordinary market, Hasani said: “However, legumes have become more expensive in recent years due to drought and lower production, but the main reason is high The grains of this season are the export of this item.
He said that with the increase in the exchange rate, many commodities’ profits were profitable, as it is now for many to export beans instead of selling them on the domestic market. Accordingly, part of Iran’s beans goes to Iraq through the western borders, and neighboring countries are a very good market for Iranian beans.
Hasani answered the question of whether the export price is still higher than the domestic price? “Well, when exports flourished, there was a shortage in the market and prices were close to the export price. That means that every kilo of chicken beans will cost about 11-12 thousand tomans, and has reached the same level in the domestic market.
“It should be noted that in recent years, due to the decrease in the area under cultivation on the one hand and the rise in the price of the dollar on the other hand, the increase in the price of legumes is a common issue,” Hassani said, referring to the fact that legumes are one of the main foods used in Iranian tableware.
He answered the question why import of this product could not regulate the market? He said: Important should pay attention to the issue of sanctions. However, it’s not an easy task to relocate money. Iranian businessmen can not relocate their money without problems and bring their goods to the country. The cost of importing all commodities has increased, it is natural that the cost of importing legumes also increases due to sanctions, which causes expensive legumes to be ineffective and can not contribute to market equilibrium.
The head of the Food and Beverage Association said, “Most of the lentils we import from Canada come from Canada.” Peas needed from Ethiopia and beans come from China and Kazakhstan. Some countries, of course, re-export beans to Iran, which is not impressive.
According to customs statistics, in the first two months of the year, about 521,000 kilos of lentils from both Canada and China came to Iran, but still each kilo of lentils is about 6200 tomans, which is 2-3 times as much in 2009.